Frank Wentz

President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO)

Office: 707-545-2904 x16

frank.wentz@remss.com

Bio

Mr. Wentz has a B.S. (1969) and M.S. (1971) in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1974, he established Remote Sensing Systems (REMSS), a research company specializing in satellite microwave remote sensing of the Earth. His past research focused on radiative transfer models that relate satellite observations to geophysical parameters, with the objective of providing reliable geophysical data sets to the Earth science community. As a member of NASA's SeaSat Experiment Team (1978-1982), he pioneered the development of physically based retrieval methods for microwave scatterometers and radiometers. Starting in 1987, he took the lead on providing the worldwide research community with high-quality ocean products derived from satellite microwave imagers (SSM/I). As the director of REMSS, he oversees the production and validation of climate-quality microwave satellite products. These data are dispersed via the company's web and FTP sites.

He has served on many NASA review panels, the National Research Council's Earth Studies Board, the National Research Council's Panel on Reconciling Temperature Observations, and is a member of the American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society, and IEEE. In 2010 he became an AGU Fellow.  In 2013, he and Dr. T. Meissner received the IEEE Trans. on Geoscience & Remote Sensing Prized Paper Award for the paper describing the RSS ocean radiative transfer model and is a lead author for CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Product on Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere. He is currently working on scatterometer/radiometer combinations, satellite-derived decadal time series of atmospheric moisture and temperature, the measurement of sea-surface temperature through clouds, and advanced microwave sensor designs for climatological studies. He has a long list of publications on remote sensing and its application to oceanography, hydrology, and climate.

Science Team Participation

  • NASA SeaSat Experiment Team
  • NASA Ocean Atlas Team
  • NASA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR) Team
  • NASA Ocean Vector Wind Science (OVWST) Team
  • NASA Aquarius Salinity Science Team
  • NASA Energy and Water Cycle Study Team
  • NASA Precipitation Measurement Missions Team
  • NASA TRMM Science Team
  • JAXA Midori AMSR Science Team

Awards

  • NASA Group Achievement Award (1998)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award (2001)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award (2003)
  • Goddard Space Flight Center Group Achievement Award
  • American Geophysical Union Fellow (2011)

Publications

  • Wentz, F. J., L. Ricciardulli, K. A. Hilburn and C. A. Mears, (2007) How Much More Rain Will Global Warming Bring?, Science, 317, 233-235.
  • Wentz, F. J., T. Meissner and D. K. Smith, (2005), Assessment of the WindSat Retrievals Produced by NRL, vol. 010605, p. 30, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa.
  • Wentz, F. J., P. D. Ashcroft and C. L. Gentemann, (2001) Post-Launch Calibration of the TMI Microwave Radiometer, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 39(2), 415-422.
  • Wentz, F. J., C. L. Gentemann, D. K. Smith and D. B. Chelton, (2000) Satellite Measurements of Sea Surface Temperature Through Clouds, Science, 288(5467), 847-850.
  • Wentz, F. J. and M. C. Schabel, (2000) Precise Climate Monitoring Using Complementary Satellite Data Sets, Nature, 403(6768), 414-416.
  • Wentz, F. J. and D. K. Smith, (1999) A Model Function for the Ocean-Normalized Radar Cross Section at 14 GHz Derived From NSCAT Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(C5), 11499-11514.
  • Wentz, F. J. and R. W. Spencer, (1998) SSM/I Rain Retrievals Within a Unified All-Weather Ocean Algorithm, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 55(9), 1613-1627.
  • Wentz, F. J. and M. C. Schabel, (1998) Effects of Satellite Orbital Decay on MSU Lower Tropospheric Temperature Trends, Nature, 394, 661-664.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1997) A Well Calibrated Ocean Algorithm for Special Sensor Microwave / Imager, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102(C4), 8703-8718.
  • Wentz, F. J. and D. J. Cavalieri, (1995), A 20-year Geophysical Data Set from Window-Frequency Microwave Radiometers, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1992) Measurement of Oceanic Wind Vector Using Satellite Microwave Radiometers, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 30(5), 960-972.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1991) A Simplified Wind Vector Algorithm for Satellite Scatterometers, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 8(5), 697-714.
  • Wentz, F. J., L. A. Mattox and S. Peteherych, (1986) New Algorithms for Microwave Measurements of Ocean Winds: Applications to SeaSat and the Special Sensor Microwave Imager, Journal of Geophysical Research, 91(C2), 2289-2307.
  • Wentz, F. J., S. Peteherych and L. A. Thomas, (1984) A Model Function for Ocean Radar Cross-Sections at 14.6 GHz, Journal of Geophysical Research, 89(C3), 3689-3704.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1983) A Model Function for Ocean Microwave Brightness Temperatures, Journal of Geophysical Research, 88(C3), 1892-1908.
  • Wentz, F. J., V. J. Cardone and L. S. Fedor, (1982) Intercomparison of Wind Speeds Inferred by the SASS Altimeter and SMMR, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87(C5), 3378-3384.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1981), The Effect of Sea-Surface Sun Glitter on Microwave Radiometer Measurements, vol. 110481, p. 58, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1978) The Forward Scattering of Microwave Solar Radiation From a Water Surface, Radio Science, 13(1), 131-138.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1976) Cox and Munk's Sea Surface Slope Variance, Journal of Geophysical Research, 81(9), 1607-1608.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1975) A Two-Scale Scattering Model for Foam-Free Sea Microwave Brightness Temperatures, Journal of Geophysical Research, 80(24), 3441-3446.
  • Gentemann, C. L., T. Meissner and F. J. Wentz, Accuracy of satellite sea surface temperatures at 7 and 11 GHz, submitted IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.
  • Mears, C. A. and F. J. Wentz, (2009) Construction of the Remote Sensing Systems V3.2 Atmospheric Temperature Records From the MSU and AMSU Microwave Sounders, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, published online, DOI: 10.1175/2008JTECHA1176.1.
  • Mears, C. A. and F. J. Wentz, (2009) Construction of the RSS V3.2 Lower Tropospheric Dataset From the MSU and AMSU Microwave Sounders, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, early online release.
  • Hilburn, K. A. and F. J. Wentz, (2008) Intercalibrated Passive Microwave Rain Products From the Unified Microwave Ocean Retrieval Algorithm (UMORA), Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 778-794.
  • Hilburn, K. A. and F. J. Wentz, (2008) Mitigating the Impact of RADCAL Beacon Contamination on F15 SSM/I Ocean Retrievals, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L18806, doi:10.1029/2008GL034914.
  • Lagerloef, G. S. E., F. R. Colomb, D. Le Vine, F. J. Wentz, S. H. Yueh, C. S. Ruf, J. Lilly, Y. Gunn, A. Chao, A. deCharon, G. Feldman and C. Swift, (2008) The Aquarius/SAC-D Mission: Designed to Meet the Salinity Remote-Sensing Challenge, Oceanography, 21, 68-81.
  • O'Dell, C., F. J. Wentz and R. Bennartz, (2008) Cloud Liquid Water Path From Satellite-Based Passive Microwave Observations: A New Climatology Over the Global Oceans, Journal of Climate, 21(8), 1721-1739.
  • Mears, C. A., B. D. Santer, F. J. Wentz, K. E. Taylor and M. F. Wehner, (2007) Relationship Between Temperature and Precipitable Water Changes Over Tropical Oceans, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L24709, doi:10.1029/2007GL031936.
  • Santer, B. D., C. A. Mears, F. J. Wentz, K. E. Taylor, P. J. Gleckler, T. M. L. Wigley, T. P. Barnett, J. S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann, N. P. Gillett, S. Klein, D. W. Pierce, P. A. Stott and M. F. Wehner, (2007) Identification of Human-Induced Changes in Atmospheric Moisture Content, PNAS, 104, 15248-15253.
  • Hilburn, K. A., F. J. Wentz, D. K. Smith and P. D. Ashcroft, (2006) Correcting Active Scatterometer Data for the Effects of Rain Using Passive Microwave Data, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45, 382-398.
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2006) Polarization Rotation and the Third Stokes Parameter: The Effects of Spacecraft Attitude and Faraday Rotation, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 44(3), 506-515.
  • Purdy, W. E., P. W. Gaiser, G. A. Poe, E. A. Uliana, T. Meissner and F. J. Wentz, (2006) Geolocation and Pointing Accuracy Analysis for the WindSat Sensor, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 44(3), 496-505.
  • Chelton, D. B. and F. J. Wentz, (2005) Global Microwave Satellite Observations of Sea Surface Temperature for Numerical Weather Prediction and Climate Research, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 86(8), 1097-1115.
  • Mears, C. A. and F. J. Wentz, (2005) The Effect of Drifting Measurement Time on Satellite-Derived Lower Tropospheric Temperature, Science, 309, 1548-1551.
  • O'Neill, L. W., D. B. Chelton, S. K. Esbensen and F. J. Wentz, (2005) High-Resolution Satellite Measurements of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Response to SST Variations Along the Agulhas Return Current, Journal of Climate, 18(14), 2706-2723.
  • Reynolds, R. W., H.-M. Zhang, T. M. Smith, C. L. Gentemann and F. J. Wentz, (2005) Impacts of in Situ and Additional Satellite Data on the Accuracy of a Sea-Surface Temperature Analysis for Climate, International Journal of Climatology, 25, 857-864.
  • Santer, B. D., T. M. L. Wigley, C. A. Mears, F. J. Wentz, S. A. Klein, D. J. Seidel, K. E. Taylor, P. W. Thorne, M. F. Wehner, P. J. Gleckler, J. S. Boyle, W. D. Collins, K. W. Dixon, C. Doutriaux, M. Free, Q. Fu, J. E. Hansen, G. S. Jones, R. Ruedy, T. R. Karl, J. R. Lanzante, G. A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, G. Russell and G. A. Schmidt, (2005) Amplification of Surface Temperature Trends and Variability in the Tropical Atmosphere, Science, 309(5740), 1511-1556.
  • Gentemann, C. L., F. J. Wentz, C. A. Mears and D. K. Smith, (2004) In Situ Validation of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Microwave Sea Surface Temperatures, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, C04021, doi:10.1029/2003JC002092.
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2004) The Complex Dielectric Constant of Pure and Sea Water From Microwave Satellite Observations, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 42(9), 1836-1849.
  • Reynolds, R. W., C. L. Gentemann and F. J. Wentz, (2004) Impact of TRMM SSTs on a Climate-Scale SST Analysis, Journal of Climate, 17(8), 2938-2952.
  • Ricciardulli, L. and F. J. Wentz, (2004) Uncertainties in Sea Surface Retrievals From Space: Comparison of Microwave and Infrared Observations From TRMM, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, C12013, doi:10.1029/2003JC002247.
  • Seidel, D. J., J. K. Angell, J. R. Christy, M. Free, S. A. Klein, J. R. Lanzante, C. A. Mears, D. E. Parker, M. C. Schabel, R. W. Spencer, A. Sterin, P. Thorne and F. J. Wentz, (2004) Uncertainty in Signals of Large-Scale Climate Variations in Radiosonde and Satellite Upper-Air Temperature Datasets, Journal of Climate, 17(11), 2225-2240.
  • Christy, J. R., R. W. Spencer, B. D. Santer, T. M. L. Wigley, G. A. Meehl, M. F. Wehner, C. A. Mears, M. C. Schabel, F. J. Wentz and C. Ammann, (2003) Reliability of Satellite Data Sets, Science, 301(5636), 1046-1049.
  • Gentemann, C. L., C. J. Donlon, A. Stuart-Menteth and F. J. Wentz, (2003) Diurnal Signals in Satellite Sea Surface Temperature Measurements, Geophysical Research Letters, 30(3), 1140, doi:10.1029/2002GL016291.
  • Mears, C. A., M. C. Schabel and F. J. Wentz, (2003) A Reanalysis of the MSU Channel 2 Tropospheric Temperature Record, Journal of Climate, 16(22), 3650-3664.
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2003) A Radiative Transfer Model Function for 85.5 GHz Special Sensor Microwave Imager Ocean Brightness Temperatures, Radio Science, 38(4), 8066, doi:10.1029/2002RS002655.
  • Santer, B. D., T. M. L. Wigley, G. A. Meehl, M. F. Wehner, C. A. Mears, M. C. Schabel, F. J. Wentz, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, T. W. Bettge, W. M. Washington, K. E. Taylor, J. S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann and C. Doutriaux, (2003) Influence of Satellite Data Uncertainties on the Detection of Externally-Forced Climate Change, Science, 300(5623), 1280-1284.
  • Stammer, D., F. J. Wentz and C. L. Gentemann, (2003) Validation of Microwave Sea Surface Temperature Measurements for Climate Purposes, Journal of Climate, 16(1), 73-87.
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2002) An Updated Analysis of the Ocean Surface Wind Direction Signal in Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 40(6), 1230-1240.
  • Chelton, D. B., S. K. Esbensen, M. G. Schlax, N. Thum, M. H. Freilich, F. J. Wentz, C. L. Gentemann, M. J. McPhaden and P. S. Schopf, (2001) Observations of Coupling Between Surface Wind Stress and Sea Surface Temperature in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, Journal of Climate, 14(7), 1479-1498.
  • Donlon, C. J., C. L. Gentemann and F. J. Wentz, (2001) Measuring Surface Temperature With Microwave Sensors, Backscatter, 12, 37-39.
  • Mears, C. A., D. K. Smith and F. J. Wentz, (2001) Comparison of Special Sensor Microwave Imager and Buoy-Measured Wind Speeds From 1987 - 1997, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106(C6), 11719-11729.
  • Meissner, T., D. K. Smith and F. J. Wentz, (2001) A 10-Year Intercomparison Between Collocated Special Sensor Microwave Imager Oceanic Surface Wind Speed Retrievals and Global Analyses, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106(C6), 11731-11742.
  • Smith, C. K., F. J. Wentz and T. Meissner, (2001), CMIS Ocean EDR, vol. 011001, p. xx, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Chelton, D. B., F. J. Wentz, C. L. Gentemann, R. A. D. Szoeke and M. G. Schlax, (2000) Satellite Microwave SST Observations of Transequatorial Tropical Instability Waves, Geophysical Research Letters, 27(9), 1239-1242.
  • Kummerow, C. D., J. J. Simpson, O. W. Thiele, W. Barnes, A. T. C. Chang, E. F. Stocker, R. F. Adler, A. Hou, R. Kakar, F. J. Wentz, P. D. Ashcroft, T. Kozu, Y. Hong, K. Okamoto, T. Iguchi, H. Kuroiwa, E. Im, Z. S. Haddad, G. J. Huffman, B. Ferrier, W. S. Olson, E. J. Zipser, E. A. Smith, T. T. Wilheit, G. R. North, T. Krishnamurti and K. Nakamura, (2000) The Status of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) After Two Years in Orbit, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39, 1965-1982.
  • Tsai, W., J. E. Graf, C. Winn, J. N. Huddleston, R. S. Dunbar, M. H. Freilich, F. J. Wentz, D. G. Long and W. L. Jones, (1999) Postlaunch Sensor Verification and Calibration of the NASA Scatterometer, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 37(3), 1517-1542.
  • Spencer, R. W., F. J. LaFontaine, T. DeFelice and F. J. Wentz, (1998) Tropical Oceanic Precipitation Changes After the 1991 Pinatubo Eruption, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 55, 1707-1713.
  • Halpern, D., A. Hollingsworth and F. J. Wentz, (1994) ECMWF and SSM/I Global Surface Wind Speeds, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 11(3), 779-788.
  • Halpern, D. and F. J. Wentz, (1994) On the Problem of Measuring Interannual Wind Speed Variations Using SSMI Data, Geophysical Research Letters, 21(3), 193-196.
  • Liu, W. T., W. Tang and F. J. Wentz, (1992) Precipitable Water and Surface Humidity Over Global Oceans From Special Sensor Microwave Imager and European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97(C2), 2251-2264.
  • Cheney, R. E., W. J. Emery, B. J. Haines and F. J. Wentz, (1991) Recent Improvements in GEOSAT Altimeter Data, Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 72(51), 577.
  • Chelton, D. B. and F. J. Wentz, (1986) Further Development of an Improved Altimeter Wind Speed Algorithm, Journal of Geophysical Research, 91(C12), 14250-14260.
  • Schroeder, L. C., W. L. Grantham, E. M. Bracalente, C. L. Britt, K. S. Shanmugam and F. J. Wentz, (1985) Removal of Ambiguous Wind Directions for a Ku Band Wind Scatterometer Using Three Different Azimuth Angles, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 23(2), 91-100.
  • Grantham, W. L., E. M. Bracalente, C. L. Britt, F. J. Wentz, W. L. Jones and L. C. Schroeder, (1982) Performance Evaluation of an Operational Spaceborne Scatterometer, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, GE-20(3), 250-254.
  • Jones, W. L., L. C. Schroeder, D. H. Boggs, E. M. Bracalente, R. A. Brown, G. J. Dome, W. J. Pierson and F. J. Wentz, (1982) The Seasat-A Satellite Scatterometer: The Geophysical Evaluation of Remotely Sensed Wind Vectors Over the Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87, 3297-3317.
  • Moore, R. K., I. J. Birrer, E. M. Bracalente, G. J. Dome and F. J. Wentz, (1982) Evaluation of Atmospheric Attenuation From SMMR Brightness Temperature for the SEASAT Satellite Scatterometer, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87(C5), 3337-3354.
  • Schroeder, L. C., D. H. Boggs, G. J. Dome and F. J. Wentz, (1982) The Relationship Between Wind Vector and Normalized Radar Cross Section Used to Derive SEASAT-A Satellite Scatterometer Winds, Journal of Geophysical Research, 87(C5), 3318-3336.
  • Jones, W. L., P. G. Black, M. Boggs, E. M. Bracalente, R. A. Brown, G. J. Dome, J. A. Ernst, I. M. Halberstam, J. E. Overland, S. Peteherych, W. J. Pierson, F. J. Wentz, P. M. Woiceshyn and M. G. Wurtele, (1979) Seasat Scatterometer: Results of the Gulf of Alaska Workshop, Science, 204(4400), 1413-1415.
  • Jones, W. L., F. J. Wentz and L. C. Schroeder, (1978) Algorithm for Inferring Wind Stress From SeaSat-A, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 15(6), 368-374.

Other

  • Wentz, F. J., (1988), User's Manual: SSM/I Antenna Temperature Tapes, vol. 032588, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1990), SBIR phase II report: West coast storm forecasting with SSM/I, vol. 033190, Remote Sensing System, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1991b), User's Manual: SSM/I Antenna Temperature Tapes (Revision 1), vol. 120191, p. 73, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1993), User's Manual: SSM/I Antenna Temperature Tapes (Revision 2), vol. 120193, p. 36, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1995a), Climatology of 14-GHz Atmospheric Attenuation, vol. 093095, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1995b), Error in Estimating 14-GHz Atmospheric Attenuation from Climatology for the Case of No Rain, vol. 122095, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1995c), NSCAT Attenuation and Rain Flag Study, vol. 013195, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1996), Assigning a Rain Flag to NSCAT Observations Using SSM/I Rain Maps, vol. 012096, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1997b), Specifying the NSCAT MLE Expected Variance Using the After-the-Fit Sigma0 Residual, vol. 121097, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa.
  • Wentz, F. J., (1998), AMSR Ocean Algorithm, vol. 110398, p. 66, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., M. C. Schabel, C. A. Mears and D. J. Seidel, (2002), Lower Tropospheric Air Temperature Derived from a blended Analysis of MSU, SSM/T1, SSM/I, Ncep/NCAR Reanalysis, and Reynolds SST, vol. 082702, p. 25, Remote Sensing Systems.
  • Wentz, F. J., (2005), The effect of clouds and rain on the Aquarius salinity retrieval, vol. 3031805, p. 14, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J., (2006a), Updates to the AMSR-E level-2A version B07 algorithm, vol. 013006, p. 11.
  • Wentz, F. J., (2006b), Updates to TMI V04 Ocean Products, vol. 093006, p. 2.
  • Wentz, F. J. and T. Meissner, (2000), AMSR Ocean Algorithm, Version 2, vol. 121599A-1, p. 66, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wentz, F. J. and T. Meissner, (2007), AMSR_E Ocean Algorithms, vol. 051707, p. 6, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Wallace, J. M., J. R. Christy, D. J. Gaffen, N. C. Grody, J. E. Hansen, D. E. Parker, T. C. Peterson, B. D. Santer, R. W. Spencer, K. E. Trenberth and F. J. Wentz, (2000), Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change, National Research Council, Washington D.C..
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2008a), GMI Calibration Algorithm and Analysis Theoretical Basis Document, vol. 121508, p. 109, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2008b), Wind vector retrievals under rain with passive satellite microwave radiometers.
  • Meissner, T., C. Smith and F. J. Wentz, (1999), Brightness temperature simulation and wind vector retrieval for CMIS, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Meissner, T. and F. J. Wentz, (2003b), Radiative transfer model function from SSM/I brightness temperatures, Remote Sensing Systems (submitted to AER), Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Mears, C. A., D. K. Smith and F. J. Wentz, (1999), Development of a Rain Flag for QuikScat, vol. 121999, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA 95401.
  • Mears, C. A., D. K. Smith and F. J. Wentz, (2000), QuikScat Brightness Temperatures and Their Impact on Rain Flagging, vol. 031300, p. 6, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.
  • Lanzante, J. R., T. C. Peterson, F. J. Wentz and K. Y. Vinnikov, What do observations indicate about the change in temperatures in the atmosphere and at the surface since the advent of measuring temperatures vertically, in Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences, edited by T. R. Karl, S. J. Hassol, C. D. Miller and W. L. Murray, A Report by the Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington DC., 2006.
  • Jones, W. L., F. J. Wentz and L. C. Schroeder, Microwave scatterometer measurements of oceanic wind vector, in Oceanography From Space, vol. 13, edited by J. F. R. Gower, pp. 553-562, Pienum Publishing Corporation, New York, NY, 1981.
  • Halpern, D., V. Zlotnicki, P. M. Woiceshyn, O. B. Brown, M. H. Freilich and F. J. Wentz, (1995), An atlas of monthly mean distributions of SSM/I surface wind speed, AVHRR/2 sea surface temperature, AMI surface wind components, TOPEX/POSEIDON sea surface height, and ECMWF surface wind components during 1993, vol. JPL Publication 95-3, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
  • Halpern, D., V. Zlotnicki, P. M. Woiceshyn, O. B. Brown, M. H. Freilich and F. J. Wentz, (1997), An atlas of monthly mean distributions of SSM/I surface wind speed, AVHRR/2 sea surface temperature, AMI surface wind velocity, and TOPEX/POSEIDON sea surface height during 1994, vol. JPL Publication 97-1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
  • Halpern, D., V. Zlotnicki, P. M. Woiceshyn, O. B. Brown, M. H. Freilich and F. J. Wentz, (1998b), An atlas of monthly mean distributions of SSM/I surface wind speed, AVHRR sea surface temperature, AMI surface wind velocity, and TOPEX/POSEIDON sea surface height during 1995, vol. JPL Publication 98-5, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
  • Halpern, D., W. T. Liu, P. M. Woiceshyn, V. Zlotnicki, O. B. Brown, M. H. Freilich and F. J. Wentz, (1998a), An atlas of monthly mean distributions of SSM/I surface wind speed, AVHRR sea surface temperature, AMI surface wind velocity, NSCAT surface wind velocity, and TOPEX/POSEIDON sea surface height during 1996, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.
  • Halpern, D., W. T. Liu, P. M. Woiceshyn, V. Zlotnicki, O. B. Brown, M. H. Freilich and F. J. Wentz, (1999), An atlas of monthly mean distributions of SSM/I surface wind speed, AVHRR sea surface temperature, AMI surface wind velocity, NSCAT surface wind velocity, and TOPEX/POSEIDON sea surface height during 1997, vol. JPL Publication 99-12, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.
  • Ashcroft, P. D. and F. J. Wentz, (2000), AMSR level 2A Algorithm, vol. 121599B-1, p. 29, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA.